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  1. Use the right strength tackles so returned fish aren’t overly tired
  2. Don’t over harvest and don’t keep the larger breeders
  3. Be careful fueling engines to avoid polluting water.
  4. Recycle old fishing line so it doesn’t tangle and kill wildlife
  5. Clean-up shoreline waste and garbage.
  6. Take measures to stop Nitrates or Phosphates from entering the water
  7. Minimize time fish spend out of the water, and avoid removing a fish’s protective slime.
  8. Use barbless or non-offset circle hooks, and environmentally safe artificial baits.
  9. Be careful not to transport invasive fish and plants, or to spread disease
  10. Support fish health research by reporting tagged fish

Algae Blooms:
Nitrates and phosphates added to the water can lead to excessive growth of algae and algal blooms. Decomposing algae causes oxygen depletion and fish kills. Avoid using fertilizers mid-summer or when the ground is frozen. Maintain a natural buffer zone between your lawn and the shoreline. Have your septic system inspected annually.

Invasive fish and Disease:
Don’t Dump your Minnows. Invasive species of baitfish can overwhelm native fish species, or can spread disease. Purchase bait from dealers selling certified disease-free bait. Dump unused bait on dry land. Use baitfish only in waters where their use is permitted

Invasive Plants:
Invasive plants can often outgrow, replace, and destroy native plants. Be sure to remove seeds and plant matter from boots, waders and gear. Clean your boat and trailer thoroughly before transporting it to another body of water. Verify that any plant you buy is not invasive. Don’t release aquarium fish or plants into the wild.

Pack it in, pack it out. Don’t leave used fishing line behind as it can tangle and kill wildlife. If you see garbage, clean it up.

Oil and Gas:
Keep engines and containers in good working condition and be careful when transferring new or used oil or gas. Have sorbent materials available should a spill occur. Label all containers appropriately.

A lip hooked fish stands a better chance of survival. Using single, barbless hooks or circle hooks are easier on fish. Non-lead weights or jigs are better for the environment, as are biodegradable soft plastic baits. Needle-nose plyers and hook cutters are essential.

Playing Your Fish:
Fighting a fish to exhaustion will decrease its chance of surviving. Use properly sized tackle to land fish quickly. Revive your fish in the water after being unhooked. When water temperatures are high, avoid exposing fish to air.

Photographing Fish:
Be ready. Have your camera handy and accessible before you land your fish. Keep your fish in the water and only lift it out when ready to take the photograph.

Handling Fish:
Wet your net before netting your fish, and always handle fish with wet hands. Don’t lay fish on carpet or grass and try not to let your clothing wipe important slime from the fish’s body leaving it open to infection. Fish that flop about on streamside rocks or the bottom of a boat harm themselves and expend undue energy. Keep a fish’s head in the water during the hook removal process. Never grab a fish by the eyes or gills. Avoid squeezing fish around the belly or hanging fish vertically as this can damage internal organs. Fish that seem unlikely to survive should be harvested.

Selective Harvesting:
Harvest fish from populations that can support a reduction in their numbers, from ecosystems that are thriving, and in sizes that ensure larger breeders carry on. Removing small numbers of mid-sized fish can ensure the remaining fish have sufficient food to reach full size.

Fish Research:
Anglers who report recaptures of tagged fish provide data that is vital to determining fish health. Report tagged fish including where and when the fish was caught, the tag number, and the size and weight of the fish. Return tagged fish to the water so the research might continue.

Regulations and Conservation:
Purchase your fishing license yearly so data on numbers of fishers can be collected, and to support fish research and conservation. Go on line and know the fishing regulations for the species of fish and area your fishing. Verify whether the fish you plan to harvest are safe to eat and in what amount. Finally, report toxic spills, fish kill-offs, and the illegal behaviours of others.

This Guide was made possible with the generous support of Oziles Marina, the Petrie Island Fishermen’s Association, and the Canadian National Sportsman Show.

Since Blue Fish Canada’s federal incorporation and registration as a charity in 2012, the 2016 year has been our most productive year to date. As President, it’s my honor and pleasure to offer this accounting of a number of the many program accomplishments achieved over the past year.

In September Blue Fish Canada received a grant to participate in the 2016 Living Water Rally hosted by the Canadian Freshwater Alliance. Rally participants were presented a summary of our work with research aquariums of North America with specific focus on actions taken to include instructional program content of specific interest to anglers. Over 8-million Canadians fish recreationally, and are seeking knowledge to become even stronger stewards of their aquatic ecosystems. By BFC working with Aquariums, our reach to provide this knowledge is expanded.

Lawrence speaking with Elders in Fort McKay Alberta

Lawrence speaking with Elders in Fort McKay Alberta

Rally organizers also hosted a special sneak-peek screening of our documentary, “What Lies Below”. Response from Canada’s leading water activists was outstanding. They loved the narrative of a blind angler and activist exploring Canada’s aquatic challenges, and the actions taken by people who live by and from the water.

Mainstream Media:
The CTV Morning TV program joined Blue Fish Canada for a morning of live TV broadcasts, (9 segments totaling 21 minutes). The show’s host caught fish while receiving tips on fishing sustainably. Four of the longer segments were uploaded to YouTube (www.FeeltheBite.TV) and disseminated over social media.

Lawrence in the CBC recording studio

Lawrence in the CBC recording studio

The Canadian Broadcast Corporation produced an 8-minute radio segment with Blue Fish Canada to kick-off Family Fishing Day. We recorded the bulk of the segment on the shore of the Rideau River. It covered the work of Blue Fish Canada and encouraged families to enjoy the license-free fishing weekend.

Every second Tuesday Blue Fish is a featured expert guest on AMI’s Audio program, “Live from Studio Five” broadcast live across Canada on SiriusXM, Cable TV and the internet. Our contribution involves providing insight and analysis of topical news items of relevance to the environment.

Lawrence with Mohawk Norman Peters holding an St. Lawrence Smallmouth Bass that shows evidence of a Lamprey attack

Lawrence with Mohawk Norman Peters holding an St. Lawrence Smallmouth Bass that shows evidence of a Lamprey attack

Public Service Announcements:
The 20 Stewardship Fishing Tips produced for Blue Fish have been airing on a number of podcasts and internet streaming services. Short information segments intended to educate anglers how to fish sustainably and protect their waters. More tips are in the works.

Social Media:
“Sustainable Fish Friday”: is a new weekly social media initiative featuring short 1-minute stewardship tips up-loaded to Sound Cloud. People can click and listen directly to the audio track over their portable devices.

Lawrence speaking to Girl Guides on the shore of Dows Lake

Lawrence speaking to Girl Guides on the shore of Dows Lake

Youth Initiatives:
A favorite annual event of the 150th Ottawa Girl Guides is the chance to go shoreline fishing with Blue Fish volunteers. The mentors provide the gear, and over 50 girls ranging in age from 6 to 16 catch plenty of panfish. A Q/A session follows to answer questions about the fish caught and released, and highlight important lessons learned about fishing sustainably. Many of the girls now can bait their hooks and release their catch.

Print Media:
Articles featuring the work of Blue Fish appeared in 12 newspapers and Magazines. In addition, magazines such as Outdoor Canada, Outdoors Unlimited and Fish Hunt Ride are now carrying quarter-page ads featuring the work of Blue Fish, as well as through their on-line and social media content.

Lawrence with Colin Lake in front of the Glenora Fishery Station on Lake Ontario

Lawrence with Colin Lake in front of the Glenora Fishery Station on Lake Ontario

The weekly Blue Fish Radio podcast continues to be featured on AMI Audio over SiriusXM, cable TV and the web, and on WRVO Radio Network One for a total of 12 times weekly. A number of partnerships have also been established to promote new episodes. Episodes can be streamed or downloaded from iTunes and Spreaker.Com. It’s estimated that well over 100,000 listeners hear Blue Fish Radio podcasts each week.

Two Native Salmon fishers on the docs in Port Alberni B.C.

Two Native Salmon fishers on the docs in Port Alberni B.C.

Following a highly successful sneak-peek screening of What Lies Below at the Living Water Rally, its premiere was held in Toronto at the Rogers Hot Docs Theatre. It went better than hoped. Over 600 people were in the audience and stayed for the Q/A session afterwards.

The following review is one of several:

From TheGate.ca: This year’s closing night film (screening at Hot Docs Ted Rogers Cinema alongside the festival awards ceremony) comes from Canadian filmmaker Emanuel Hoss-Desmarais, whose last film was his stunningly gorgeous debut feature Whitewash, starring Thomas Hayden Church as an alcoholic Quebecois plow driver who makes a deadly misjudgment. His follow-up is What Lies Below, an equally stunning documentary that focuses on Lawrence Gunther, a legally blind environmental advocate documenting the effects of waste, sewage, and pollution on fish populations and water supplies. The most gorgeous looking film at this year’s festival (which actually says a lot for an environmental film showcase), What Lies Below balances the personal, the political, and the environmental wonderfully, making the audience learn just as much about Lawrence as they do the world around him. It’s a disarmingly emotional experience that proves beyond a shadow of a doubt (and please pardon the pun) that we can’t keep turning a blind eye to how we treat the world around us.

What Lies Below is set to appear in another four festivals in 2017 throughout the world. Broadcast Deals are being signed with CBC’s Doc Channel and AMI TV.

Blue Fish Canada exhibit table at the Toronto Sportsman Show

Blue Fish Canada exhibit table at the Toronto Sportsman Show

Blue Fish exhibited over nine days at two outdoor shows in Ontario in 2016 to an estimated 150,000 show visitors. Our exhibit spaces (Ottawa – 20-30, and Toronto – 20×50) were generously made available at no cost by Canadian Sportsman Show Management Services. With Guide Dog “Moby” in attendance and a quality Shimano spinning combo to raffle off, we had a steady stream of visitors scooping up free clean-up kits and stewardship training materials, and making cash donations. .

Shoreline Clean-Up Kits:
Blue Fish Canada continues to work in partnership with the City of Ottawa to distribute free shoreline clean-up kits consisting of a garbage bag and disposable gloves contained within a 5”x6” thin biodegradable wrapper. Over 3,500 kits were distributed by hand, and are available over the Blue Fish Canada website.

Lawrence and his guide holding a 6-foot White Sturgeon about to be released into the Fraser River

Lawrence and his guide holding a 6-foot White Sturgeon about to be released into the Fraser River

Stewardship Training Materials:
The “How to be a Steward of your Favorite Fishing Hole” brochure continues to be distributed for free over the internet and by hand. Over 2,000 copies were distributed in 2016. The brochure is packaged with a 3’x8’ double-sided leaflet explaining the mission of Blue Fish, and a $5 pet food coupon from Eukanuba.

Lawrence and Moby on the Great Canadian Seminar Stage

Lawrence and Moby on the Great Canadian Seminar Stage

Fifteen seminars / key note addresses were delivered throughout the year featuring the mission of Blue Fish, why the programs are necessary, and the positive response from the public, water activists and anglers. Seminars generate working capital through donations to Blue Fish.

Lawrence and his two children standing outside the Shedd Aquarium in Chicago

Lawrence and his two children standing outside the Shedd Aquarium in Chicago

Research Aquariums of North America:
We have now featured the research, conservation, rescue, volunteer, and education programs offered by nine leading aquariums across North America through 20 blogs and podcasts. The many partnerships formed through the initiative have resulted in considerable increased awareness of the important stewardship activities underway at both public aquariums and Blue Fish, and are serving to further educate anglers about fishing sustainably.

Our partnership with “Canada Helps” continues to generate on-line donations. We are also beginning to see larger donations being made directly to Blue Fish from private individuals. Operating costs for Blue Fish are directly related to program delivery, which are implemented at no charge by our volunteer directors and volunteers.

Looking Forward to 2017:
*Discussions are now underway with the Vancouver Aquarium to establish a partnership between Blue Fish and their Great Canadian Shoreline Clean-Up initiative. They are looking to Blue Fish to bring Canada’s angling community into the initiative, and Blue Fish is seeking to build on their on-line mapping tools to further connect anglers to the care and cleaning of their favorite fishing holes.

*More seminars and festival screenings of What Lies Below are being planned, with the next phase to include TV broadcasts. Only after these channels have been fully tapped, will on-line “view on demand” services be established. All revenues generated by the doc continue to go to Blue Fish.

*Eukanuba has committed to continue to support Bleu Fish with the donation of pet food coupons and prizes. The coupons are being packaged with Blue Fish literature. Affiliations with pet and outdoor stores are being explored to distribute the material directly to customers, and to generate donations at point-of-sale.

*Presentations to clubs, organizations and corporations will continue, as will guest appearances on mainstream media. They love the narrative of a competitive professional tournament angler, who happens to be blind, cares about the future of fish and fishing and has a great looking guide dog”! It’s a 4-prong message that resonates strongly with the public, fellow anglers, water activists and dog lovers alike.

*Multi-media awareness and educational materials will continue to be produced and disseminated both directly and through partnerships. Subjects will focus on things we can all do to ensure the future of our water and fish. Guests and locations will be selected to demonstrate the positive impacts such actions have on aquatic ecosystems and fish populations.

*Last, an on-line stewardship quiz is in development for use as an educational tool. Those who take the quiz will be signed up for the Blue Fish newsletter and have their names entered into a draw to win a Shimano spinning combo and many other prizes.

Lawrence Gunther, President of Blue Fish Canada, recently presented at the 2016 Living Water Rally organized by the Fresh Water Alliance. The presentation outlines how public aquariums and the angling community have joined forces in aquatic research and the training of future aquatic stewards. The presentation was extremely well received with a number of future partnerships now in the works.

Click here to download PDF of the presentation

Fishing, Anglers and Aquariums of North America

A Presentation to the 2016 Living Water Rally

By Lawrence Gunther, President – Blue Fish Canada

Introduction – Blue Fish Canada

  • Federally incorporated charity January 2012
  • Mandate: The future of fish and fishing
  • Activity: educating and empowering anglers to be stewards of aquatic ecosystems
  • Broadcasting Blue Fish Canada Stewardship Tip PSA’s
  • Distributing stewardship training materials
  • Providing Free shoreline clean-up kits
  • Organizing 24-hour fishathon
  • Distributing “What Lies Below” documentary
  • Producing 20-part series focussing on research aquariums of North America


  • Anglers fish recreationally or for sport
  • Catch-and-release and selective harvesting
  • According to DFO, in 2010 there were 3.4 million active anglers in Canada
  • Another ½-million anglers visited Canada
  • 25% of adult anglers in Canada are women
  • Fish on average 13 days annually – 43.5-million days
  • Harvested approx. 63-million fish
  • Released approx. 125-million fish
  • Spent $2.5 billion directly on fishing in 2010
  • $400-million on fishing packages

Commercial fishing In Canada

  • Approximately 50,000 active commercial fishers
  • Aquaculture industry employs about 3,500 people at 1,000 sites
  • Preparation and packaging of fish employs another 32,000
  • In 2010 850,000 metric tons of wild fish were harvested from Canada’s oceans
  • Value of marine fish harvested = $2.8-billion
  • Total freshwater fish harvested in 2010 was 2,100 metric tons
  • Total value of freshwater fish harvested = $63-million
  • Total value of fish product exported $6-billion
  • Total value of fish product imported $3.5 billion

World Statistics

  • An estimated 45 billion fish are caught by recreational anglers annually around the world – 2/3 are released back into the environment.
  • Approx. 100-million metric tons of fish are commercially harvested annually worldwide.
  • Roughly 2.7-trillion individual fish are harvested commercially around the world each year.


  • First appeared 500-million years ago
  • 90 million years later they developed jaws
  • Over 33,000 species of fish
  • 60% of all known species on earth
  • More fish species than all birds, mammals, reptiles and amphibians combined
  • Certain species (Sturgeon) stopped evolving 150-million years ago



  • North America’s zoos and aquariums receive an estimated 175-million visitors annually
  • Comply with criteria established by Association of zoos and aquariums
  • Many operate as non-profits and are active in their communities
  • Aquariums are using internet / social media to engage visitors pre and post visit
  • Programs include: Research, rescue, conservation, volunteerism, citizen-science, excursions, multi-sensory experiences, education and partnerships



  • Aquariums generate considerable cash and donation
  • Mandate includes training stewards of aquatic ecosystems
  • Recreational fishing is North America’s most popular outdoor activity
  • Anglers contribute more volunteer hours to conservation than all other groups combined
  • Both aquariums and anglers are leaders in engaging citizens about aquatic issues
  • Establishing linkages between aquariums and anglers makes sense


  • Aquariums care about educating the public
  • Aquariums entertain, engage and empower
  • Anglers care about fishing sustainably
  • Fishing forges bonds between anglers and their local aquatic ecosystems
  • Harvesting wild local organic food is growing in popularity



  • Aquariums using inclusive programming to connect with anglers
  • Anglers supporting aquariums with research as citizen scientists
  • Aquarium educational programming includes sustainable harvesting
  • Anglers participate in fish habitat educational programming