The rally cry “drinkable, swimmable, fishable water” is being championed by many and different groups. On this week’s Sustainable Fish Friday 1-minute tip we pose the question, who best is situated to speak on behalf of fishable water?

Humans have been catching, selecting, harvesting and consuming wild fish for tens-of-thousands of years. We have the knowledge to carry out this practice in a responsible and respectful manner. Listen to this week’s Sustainable Fish Friday 1-minute tip to make sure you’re continuing the tradition of dispatching your selected catch in a humane manner.

Large trophy game fish captures are rare moments – the memories of which we cherish for years to come. However, how we caught those big fish is more important than how they may have tasted. This week’s Sustainable Fish Friday 1-minute tip offers food for thought on the consumption of older trophy-size fish.

Many fishing boats now have raised platforms for anglers to stand on when fishing. The increased height improves visibility and casting accuracy. For fish being released, this increased height can also spell trouble. This week’s Sustainable Fish Friday 1-minute tip offers the best approach to releasing fish from higher elevations such as raised casting decks or docks.

Belly Up

While there’s nothing wrong with selectively harvesting the odd fish, returning fish to the water to live another day is a practice that should be applied more often than not. Sometimes, fish are a bit overwhelmed when returned to the water and may hang upside down with their bellies up. This week’s Sustainable Fish Friday 1-minute tip addresses what you can do as a responsible angler to ensure these fish recover quickly and swim off safely.

Lawrence holding his catch of a 26lb pike

Years ago, miners would take canaries into the mine shafts with them as early warning indicators of dangerous gasses. Large apex predatory fish are like our canaries in that they serve to alert us when their ecosystems are dysfunctional. Listen to this week’s Sustainable Fish Friday tip to learn why we need apex predators in our fishing holes.

A Blue Fish Radio Exploration of Actions and Responsibilities

Who’s Doing What?

It is possible to selectively harvest wild fish from our oceans in a way that’s sustainable. Relevant science, programs and regulations are already being implemented. However, we all have a role to play. Our individual cooperation is essential, doable and relatively effortless. Learn how you too can be part of the solution.

You can ask a dozen people about what they think of the present state of our seafood fisheries and receive just as many different answers. Confusion stems mainly from the steady wave of reports head-lined by media predicting the end of wild fish stocks throughout the world due to excessive commercial fishing. At the same time, there are plenty of examples of currently sustainable harvesting practices and still more industry players who are working hard to turn things around. You seldom hear of these successes though, as they just don’t seem to warrant the same level of media hype as the doom-and-gloom stories.

Canada and the U.S. have begun applying precautionary science-based fish management principals in forming and implementing fishery management regulations with steadily increasing success. We aren’t out of the woods yet, but research used to determine which harvesting strategies are sustainable and those that are not, and more accurate fish population assessments, are helping the two countries to reverse their downward slides.

Global positioning technology is allowing for identified areas of high importance to marine life development to be subject to tighter management controls. Non-profits that have an interest in ocean sustainability are partnering with those in the seafood industry assessed as doing it right to have their products labelled as sustainable. Lots of stakeholders are buying into the principal of sustainability. It’s now up to the rest of us to get on board.Marine Stewardship Council logo

The Marine Stewardship Council is one of many non-profits busy identifying and working with commercial fisheries around the world to recognize those doing it right. Certified Sustainable means a commercial fisher’s wild fish stock harvesting practices will not threaten the long term viability of the fish stock itself. The MSC is also working with those more marginal fisheries by providing knowledge needed to earn the Marine Stewardship Council’s endorsement.

In this Blue Fish Radio episode Jay Lugar from the MSC explains how they have already applied their MSC label to 2/3 of Canada’s commercial fisheries.

 

A juvenile Lingcod photographed at a depth of 85 feet in the cold waters of southern British Columbia.

Juvenile Lingcod photographed at a depth of 85 feet in the cold waters of southern British Columbia.

 

Oceana Canada has a slightly less optimistic perspective on how far Canada has progressed. Their most recent 2016 report states only 24% of Canada’s wild marine fish stocks are at healthy levels. Oceana focusses its energies on scientifically documenting pointing out those fisheries that are performing badly. Hey, someone has to keep everyone on their toes and in this episode of Blue Fish Radio Oceana Canada’s Executive Director, Josh Laughren points out the heavy lifting that still needs doing.

 

SeaChoice, run out of the Suzuki foundation, is another organization dedicated to working with fisheries to improve sustainability. They differ from the Marine Stewardship Council in that their funding comes from an independent and unrelated source, so they don’t mind spending their time focussing on those fisheries that are causing the lion’s share of the problems.

Atlantic Mackerel

School of Atlantic Mackerel

 

In this Blue Fish Radio episode with Kurtis Hayne, SeaChoice is first to admit massive re-thinks on how we harvest certain wild stocks are crucial to getting it right.

 

4 seining

 

The Safina Centre has made it their mandate to scientifically assess which seafood harvesting practices and technologies need to go, which can be improved, and which are working just fine.
In this Blue Fish episode with Elizabeth Brown from the Safina Centre, we learn more about their work and how it underpins much of the rest of the sustainability certification efforts undertaken by organizations applying sustainable labels to seafood products.

 

Aquaculture is increasingly held up as an alternative to our continuing to harvest wild fish stocks. Maybe someday it will, but there are still many hurdles to overcome. One solution non-industry experts are pointing to is closed containment fish farming.

 

In this episode of Blue fish Radio [5] we speak with Jo Mrozewski to learn more about one such example, the Kuterra Salmon Farm on Vancouver Island.

 

Others are counting on the proliferation of marine protection areas or MPAs. What such designations actually mean varies widely. Yes, it’s a defined area of ocean, but what human activity can continue to take place within the zone ranges widely from a no-go zone for everyone, to a complete or partial boycott on commercial, and in some cases, sport fishing, to allowing tourism related activities only. What we are learning is that the nature of each prohibition needs to makes sense and be supported for each area, as without such support the MPA serves in name only.

Blue shark portrait

A portrait of a blue shark from the waters of Rhode Island

 

In this Blue Fish Radio episode Dr. Chris Harvey Clarke discusses the strengths, weaknesses and the role MPA’s play in promoting healthy and sustainable fish stocks.

 

Another solution borrows from the ground-swell interest by the public in purchasing their vegetables from local growers fresh and direct. Emerging community supported fisheries reward those commercial seafood harvesters who are willing to take the time to do it right. Fishers who have a vested interest in seeing the resource continue, and who are small enough that when they return to port they can sell most if not all of their catch to pre-determined local buyers and members of the public who have committed to buy equal shares with the knowledge that it was caught the right way.

 

Blue Fish speaks with Dr. Joshua Stoll who has made it his mission to document and share what it takes to establish community supported fishery initiatives.

 

If you don’t live nearby a bustling fishing port, than rest assured that the Vancouver Aquarium’s Ocean Wise program is on the job educating restaurants and their seafood chefs on how to select seafood that was harvested in a sustainable way. The goal is that by putting pressure on suppliers, they in turn will start demanding that their producers, the fishers, will begin harvesting seafood in ways that can be certified as sustainable.

Wild male and female red salmon in river before spawning in symmetric position.

Wild male and female red salmon in river before spawning in symmetric position.

 

It’s a supply-and-demand economics 101 approach to fixing the problem that Claire Li from the Vancouver Aquarium’s Ocean Wise program explains in this episode of Blue Fish Radio as producing solid results.

 

One of the first organizations in North America to empower citizens to make sustainable choices is the Monterey Aquarium in northern California. The sea-side town of Monterey was once dominated by fishing boats and processing plants, but with the collapse of many of their area wild fish stocks, the town turned to tourism for its survival. One couldn’t ask for a more suitable and idyllic location for a public aquarium that now sees well over a million visitors come through its doors every year. One of the Aquarium’s programs is the distribution of small wallet-sized reference cards that list the sorts of wild fish commonly found and harvested in the Pacific, and then indicating with a series of three coloured lights which fish stocks are in danger, red, which stocks are of concern, yellow, and which stocks can be consumed guilt free, green.

Looking down at rays through the see through floors at Monterey Bay Aquarium

Looking down at rays through the see through floors at Monterey Bay Aquarium

While the Monterey’s SeaFood Watch program may be centred on Pacific fisheries, in this episode of Blue Fish Radio Ken Peterson explains how it’s applicable to all of North American consumers given that fish taken from the Pacific are transported to buyers throughout the continent.

 

Group of Beluga Whales

Group of Beluga Whales bobbing in the wild

 

Others, like the Aquarium Du Quebec explain in this Blue Fish Radio episode how they have modified the Seafood Watch approach to better suit their own region’s unique fisheries. They aren’t the only one who has adopted a “watch” program to better reflect their regionally harvested unique sea life.

 

Cod fish floating in aquarium

Cod fish floating in aquarium

 

Lobster

Lobster in its natural habitat

On the enforcement side, Alan Risenhoover of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) reports in this episode of Blue Fish Radio on the fruits of their hard work to develop and implement the scientific measuring sticks used in determining what stocks are still in decline and which are recovering. Applying as scientific approach to fish stock management, and putting an end to political interference on how stocks are managed, is proving effective as one species after another is taken off the list of distressed wild fish stocks.

 

In order to accurately track who is catching what and where, new tools for monitoring and tracing needed to be established. Systems that start with the vessel doing the harvesting, and then tracks each step along the way until the seafood is consumed. Such ship-to-plate traceability means accountability and bringing to an end the illegal harvesting of seafood.

Leatherback turtle with its head and back out of the water swims in the northern Altantic Ocean

Leatherback turtle with its head and back out of the water swims in the northern Altantic Ocean

 

It’s what Michele Kuruc, VP of ocean policy for the World Wildlife Fund, reports to be working hard to accomplish in this Blue Fish Radio episode, and it’s got the support of the U.S. government.

 

Live Dungeness crabs for sale at a Seattle market.

Live Dungeness crabs for sale at a Seattle market.

 

Not allowing ships to dock at our ports that won’t or can’t prove where their seafood was captured is just one new stick in the government’s tool chest. On-board remote cameras are another. Laurie Bryant from the NOAA reports on their “Fish Watch” program and its beneficial results in this episode of Blue Fish Radio.

 

Bringing to an end the outdated and unsustainable commercial harvesting practices and greed that still plague large portions of the commercial fishing industry that is taking place outside the territorial waters of Canada and the U.S. is imperative if we are to sustain the earth’s growing population. Achieving sustainable commercial fishing throughout the world hinges on all of us having greater awareness of the efforts being taken by the many different stakeholders. More importantly, if the oceans’ wild fish stocks and the ways they are being harvested are to return to sustainable levels, all of us need to begin to exercise responsible choices. The tools needed to make such choices are now available. It’s now up to each of us to incorporate these tools into our decision making processes when purchasing or consuming seafood.

 

 

My passion for the outdoors started quite early and, despite being registered blind at age eight, grows stronger each year. Though visual memories have long since faded, the smells, sounds and feel of peddling my bike along gravel roads with a fishing pole in hand, or heading out to the bush after school with my beagle, seem no less real.

All youth deserve to experience days with clouds and tree tops overhead instead of ceilings, to be hemmed in by bush and shorelines instead of walls, and to traverse forest trails and gravel river beds instead of sidewalks. To spend a day getting dirty and wet, cold and smelly, and to return home exhausted but happy. In short, to gain awareness of our connection to the sea and sun, water and earth, that together, make up the only planet we know that sustains life.

Blue Fish is dedicated to sharing sound local knowledge and the latest in proven science to convey information essential to the sustainable capture and selective harvest of wild food. Using technology, social media and direct engagement, Blue Fish reaches both seasoned outdoor enthusiasts and those looking to carry forward or begin new outdoor traditions.

I encourage you to visit the Blue Fish site to learn of our latest accomplishments and plans for 2017. I also want to thank you for your supporting Blue Fish for what many consider to be truly unique programming.

The profound beauty and remarkable bounty nature has provided unreservedly only now have become conditional. Your charitable donations make it possible for Blue Fish to discern and convey how these conditions can best be met and incorporated into our interactions with nature.

It’s my wish for you and yours many many worry-free adventures in the great outdoors — now and in future.

Warmest regards,

Lawrence Gunther
President
Blue Fish Canada
Email: Director@bluefishcanada.ca
Web: www.bluefishcanada.ca

In partnership with the City of Ottawa, Blue Fish Canada is distributing shoreline clean-up kits that include a garbage bag and disposable gloves contained within a biodegradable wrapper. The kits are slim, light and fit easily into any size tackle bag or glove box. Get your free kit and be prepared to tackle unsightly messes!

Contact Blue Fish Canada today to arrange to receive a kit, or to have kits sent to your organization.

Email: bluefishcan@gmail.com

Short audio format Blue Fish Canada Stewardship Fishing Tips are produced by Blue Fish Radio with support from Eukanuba pet foods. Each 2-minute tip explains how listeners can ensure the future of fish and fishing.

The following 20 Blue Fish Canada Stewardship Tips can be rebroadcast at no cost. Let us know if you would like to rebroadcast the tips by emailing bluefishcan@gmail.com.

Blue Fish Canada Stewardship Tips:

BFC-Tip 1 — Fertilizers: What you can do as a shoreline property owner and citizen to reduce the amount of phosphates and nitrogen’s entering our water.

BFC-Tip 1 — Fertilizers

BFC-Tip 2 — Catch and Release: Tips for ensuring the safe release of caught fish.

BFC-Tip 2 — Catch and Release

BFC-Tip 3 — Fish Slime: The importance of avoiding the removal of slime from fish.

BFC-Tip 3 — Fish Slime

BFC-Tip 4 — Fishing down Deep: Why certain fish should not be fished at depths below 30 feet if you intend to release them afterwards.

BFC-Tip 4 — Fishing Down Deep

BFC-Tip 5 — Harvesting: Which fish to keep for a meal, and which need to go back.

BFC-Tip 5 — Harvesting

BFC-Tip 6 — Invasive: How to stop the spread of invasive life forms into new bodies of water.

BFC-Tip 6 — Invasives

BFC-Tip 7 — Oil and Gas: Making sure we handle oil and gas so it doesn’t impact our water and fish.

BFC-Tip 7 — Oil and Gas

BFC-Tip 8 — Photography: Taking photos sustainably of memorable moments and trophy fish.

BFC-Tip 8 — Photography

BFC-Tip 9 — Regulations: Knowing the regulations that govern our recreational fisheries and when to apply reason.

BFC-Tip 9 — Regulations

BFC-Tip 10 — Research: Anglers play an important role in citizen-based science.

BFC-Tip 10 — Research

BFC-Tip 11 — Big Boat Little Boat: Kayaks are great, but we still need to get out and back safely.

BFC-Tip 11 — Big Boat Little Boat

BFC-Tip 12 — Dogs on Boats: Keeping our four-legged friends safe aboard our boats.

BFC-Tip 12 — Dogs on Boats

BFC-Tip 13 — Catch, Release or Keep: More tips on harvesting sustainably.

BFC-Tip 13 — Catch Release or Keep

BFC-Tip 14 — Mentoring the Next Generation: Passing on knowledge on how to fish sustainably.

BFC-Tip 14 — Mentoring the Next Generation

BFC-Tip 15 — Catch your Limit, Limit Your Catch: We have harvest limits but sometimes we need to know when it’s time to limit our harvest.

BFC-Tip 15 — Catch your limit, limit your catch

BFC-Tip 16 — Disposing Old Fishing Line: Fishing line can result in death for wild critters if not disposed of properly.

BFC-Tip 16 — Disposing old fishing line

BFC-Tip 17 — Lifestyles Flow Downstream: Understanding that all we do impacts all life that lives downstream.

BFC-Tip 17 — Lifestyles Flow Downstream

BFC-Tip 18 — Live Bait: Ensuring our live bait doesn’t become the cause of the next invasion or disease outbreak.

BFC-Tip 18 — Live Bait

BFC-Tip 19 — Right Size Tackle: Matching the size of rod, reel and line for the job is an important part of fishing sustainably.

BFC-Tip 19 — Right Size Tackle

BFC-Tip 20 — Pack it in, Pack it Out: Boy Scouts have it right when they teach kids to leave things the way they found them or better.

BFC-Tip 20 — Pack it in, Pack it Out